known as Venassa, was one of the most important cities in ancient Cappadocia. A
local cult of Zeus and Hellenistic tombs (4th to 1st centuries B.C.) found there
indicate that the city had religious, political, and economic prominence.
("Red River"), the longest river in Turkey, divides Avanos in half.
The red soil of the region provides local potters with the raw material used to
produce the pottery and bricks for which Avanos is famous. The potters there use
a wheel controlled by a foot pedal, a model that probably differs little from
the type used by the people of central Anatolia from the beginning of the second
millennium. Unfortunately some of the most typical pottery shapes have been lost
due to the advent of electricity. For example, special jars formerly used to
store cool water have now been replaced by refrigerators. In addition to
pottery, Avanos is also known for carpet weaving.